DIESEL-Functions-Reference

DIESEL Functions Reference

DIESEL Functions Reference

Status retrieval, computation, and display are performed by DIESEL functions.

All functions have a limit of 10 parameters, including the function name itself.

Function Description/Example
+ (addition)

Returns the sum of the numbers val1 , val2 , …, val9 .

$(+, val1 [, val2, …, val9])

If the current thickness is set to 5, the following DIESEL string returns 15.

$(+, $(getvar, thickness), 10)
– (subtraction)

Returns the result of subtracting the numbers val2 through val9 from val1 .

$(-, val1 [, val2 , …, val9])
* (multiplication)

Returns the result of multiplying the numbers val1 , val2 , …, val9 .

$(*, val1 [, val2, …, val9])
/ (division)

Returns the result of dividing the number val1 by val2 , …, val9 .

$(/, val1 [, val2, …, val9])
= (equal to)

If the numbers val1 and val2 are equal, the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(=, val1, val2)
< (less Than)

If the number val1 is less than val2 , the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(<, val1, val2)

The following expression gets the current value of HPANG; if the value is less than
the value stored in the system variable USERR1, it returns 1. If the value 10.0 is
stored in USERR1 and the current setting of HPANG is 15.5, the following string returns
0.

$(<, $(getvar, hpang), $(getvar, userr1))
(greater Than)

If the number val1 is greater than val2 , the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(, val1, val2)
!= (not Equal to)

If the numbers val1 and val2 are not equal, the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(!=, val1, val2)
<= (less Than or Equal to)

If the number val1 is less than or equal to val2 , the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(<=, val1, val2)
= (greater Than or Equal to)

If the number val1 is greater than or equal to val2 , the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(=, val1, val2)
and

Returns the bitwise logical AND of the integers val1 through val9 .

$(and, val1 [, val2,…, val9])
angtos

Returns the angular value in the format and precision specified.

$(angtos, value [, mode, precision])

Edits the given value as an angle in the format specified by the mode and precision as defined for the analogous AutoLISP function. If mode and precision are omitted, it uses the current values chosen by the UNITS command.

NOTE:AutoLISP is not available in AutoCAD LT.

The following mode values can be applied:

  • 0, for Degrees
  • 1, for Degrees/Minutes/Seconds
  • 2, for Grads
  • 3, for Radians
  • 4, for Surveyor’s Units
Edtime

Returns a formatted date and time based on a given picture.

$(edtime, time, picture)

Edits the Julian date given by time (obtained, for example, from $(getvar,date) according to the given picture ). The picture consists of format phrases replaced by specific representations of the date and time.
Characters not interpretable as format phrases are copied literally into the result
of $(edtime) . Format phrases are defined as shown in the following table.

For example, assume that the date and time are Saturday, 5 September 1998 4:53:17.506
the corresponding format phrases and output examples for edtime are as follows:

  • D – 5
  • DD – 05
  • DDD – Sat
  • DDDD – Saturday
  • M – 9
  • MO – 09
  • MON – Sep
  • MONTH – September
  • YY – 98
  • YYYY – 1998
  • H – 4
  • HH – 04
  • MM – 53
  • SS – 17
  • MSEC – 506
  • AM/PM – AM
  • am/pm – am
  • A/P – A
  • a/p – a

Enter the entire AM/PM phrase as shown in the preceding table; if AM is used alone, the A will be read literally and the M will return the current month.

If any AM/PM phrases appear in the picture, the H and HH phrases edit the time according to the 12-hour civil clock (12:00-12:59 1:00-11:59)
instead of the 24-hour clock (00:00-23:59).

The following example uses the date and time from the preceding table. Notice that
the comma must be enclosed in quotation marks because it is read as an argument separator.

$(edtime, $(getvar,date), DDD"," DD MON YYYY - H:MMam/pm)

It returns the following:

Sat, 5 Sep 1998 – 4:53am

If time is 0, the time and date at the moment that the outermost macro was executed is used.
This avoids lengthy and time-consuming multiple calls on $(getvar,date) and guarantees that strings composed with multiple $(edtime) macros all use the same time.

eq

If the strings val1 and val2 are identical, the string returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

$(eq, val1, val2)

The following expression gets the name of the current layer; if the name matches the
string value stored in the USERS1 (USERS1-5) system variable, it returns 1. Assume
the string “PART12” is stored in USERS1 and the current layer is the same.

NOTE:The USERS1-5 system variables are not available in AutoCAD LT.

$(eq, $(getvar, users1), $(getvar, clayer))

It returns the following:

1

Eval

Passes the string str to the DIESEL evaluator and returns the result of evaluating it.

$(eval, str)
fix

Truncates the real number value to an integer by discarding any fractional part.

$(fix, value)
Getenv

Returns the value of the environment variable varname .

$(getenv, varname)

If no variable with that name is defined, it returns the null string.

Getvar

Returns the value of the system variable with the given varname .

$(getvar, varname)
if

Conditionally evaluates expressions.

$(if, expr, dotrue [, dofalse])

If expr is nonzero, it evaluates and returns dotrue . Otherwise, it evaluates and returns dofalse . Note that the branch not chosen by expr is not evaluated.

Index

Returns the specified member of a comma-delimited string.

$(index, which, string)

Assumes that the string argument contains one or more values delimited by the macro argument separator character,
the comma. The which argument selects one of these values to be extracted, with the first item numbered
0. This function is most frequently used to extract X, Y, or Z coordinate values from point coordinates returned by $(getvar).

Applications can use this function to retrieve values stored as comma-delimited strings
from the USERS1-5 system variables.

NOTE:The USERS1-5 system variables are not available in AutoCAD LT.

nth

Evaluates and returns the argument selected by which .

$(nth, which, arg0 [, arg1,…, arg7])

If which is 0, nth returns arg0 , and so on. Note the difference between $(nth) and $(index) ; $(nth) returns one of a series of arguments to the function, while $(index) extracts a value from a comma-delimited string passed as a single argument. Arguments
not selected by which are not evaluated.

or

Returns the bitwise logical OR of the integers val1 through val9 .

$(or, val1 [, val2,…, val9])
Rtos

Returns the real value in the format and precision specified.

$(rtos, value [, mode, precision])

Edits the given value as a real number in the format specified by mode and precision. If mode and precision are omitted, it uses the current values selected with the UNITS command.

Strlen

Returns the length of string in characters.

$(strlen, string)
Substr

Returns the substring of string , starting at character start and extending for length characters.

$(substr, string, start [, length])

Characters in the string are numbered from 1. If length is omitted, it returns the entire remaining length of the string.

Upper

Returns the string converted to uppercase according to the rules of the current locale.

$(upper, string)
xor

Returns the bitwise logical XOR of the integers val1 through val9 .

$(xor, val1 [, val2,…, val9])

Learning AutoCad

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