About-Face-Normals-and-Removing-Hidden-Surfaces

About Face Normals and Removing Hidden Surfaces

    About Face Normals and Removing Hidden Surfaces

    There are several steps commonly taken to speed up the rendering process.

    In order to minimize the time it takes to render a model, it is common practice to
    remove hidden surfaces or hide objects that are positioned off-camera.

    Every surface that you model is made up of faces. Faces are either triangular or
    quadrilateral and each face has an inward- and outward-oriented side. The direction
    in which a face is pointing is defined by a vector called a normal. The direction of the normal indicates the front, or outer surface of the face.

    Face normals determine the direction at which light is reflected (bounced) and bent
    (index of refraction). If the camera is behind a face, the face will be invisible
    to the camera, but still processed by the renderer to reflect lights and cast shadows.

    In instances where you see a hole, it usually means the face is physically missing
    from the model or facing away from the camera.

    If a face is missing, you’ll need to manually reconstruct it. For objects drawn using
    3DFACE, the direction of normals is determined by the way a face is drawn in a right-handed
    coordinate system: if you draw the face counter-clockwise, the normals point outward;
    if you draw the face clockwise, the normals point inward. You should draw faces consistently.

    NOTE:The normals on solid objects are usually correctly oriented, which can be an aid to
    creating models for rendering.

    When rendering, the renderer searches for all normals that point away from the viewpoint
    and removes the associated faces from the scene. This removal step is called back-face culling.

    After the back faces have been removed, the renderer uses a Z buffer to compare relative distances along the Z axis. If the Z buffer indicates that one face overlaps another, the renderer removes the face that
    would be hidden. The time saved is in proportion to the number of faces discarded
    out of the total number of faces.

    Every object in a scene is processed by the renderer, even objects that are off camera
    and are not going to be present in the rendered view. A model that is built with the
    intent of rendering will benefit from good layer management. By turning off layers
    containing objects that are not in the current view, you can increase rendering speed
    substantially.

    Learning AutoCad

    >About Face Normals and Removing Hidden Surfaces. In-Product View Help. Applies to AutoCAD 2016, AutoCAD Architecture 2016, AutoCAD Civil 3D 2016,  …About Face Normals and Removing Hidden Surfaces. In-Product View Help. Applies to AutoCAD 2015, AutoCAD Architecture 2015, AutoCAD Civil 3D 2015,  …Surface Detection – Learn about Computer Graphics in simple … There are two approaches for removing hidden surface problems …. Also, we cannot see any face whose normal has z component C = 0, since your …… To optimise Hidden Surface removal we can just ignore all faces pointing away from us (i.e. the face normal is pointing in the same direction we …surfaces are hidden, we can bypass them and draw only … Every planar polygon has a surface normal, that is, a vector that is normal to the … Back-face culling can very quickly remove unnecessary polygons .Hidden Surface Removal … Detecting Back-face Polygons … vn – 1 be in counterclockwise order and co-planar; Calculate normal with cross product:.Hidden Surface Removal Algorithms … Normals of faces point out from the object. ❑ Object space … then paint them back to front (over each other) to remove.Hidden surface removal (HSR) determines which polygons are … Backface culling checks the normalsurface whose vector points away from us (the viewer).… Hidden Surface Removal (HSR) … These are called hidden surfaces. … This can be specified by giving a point on the plane and a normal, …