About-Creating-Meshes

About Creating Meshes

    About Creating Meshes

    Mesh tessellation provides enhanced capabilities for modeling object shapes in a
    more detailed way.

    Starting with AutoCAD-based products 2010 and later, the default mesh object type
    can be smoothed, creased, split, and refined. Although you can continue to create
    the legacy polyface and polygon mesh types, you can obtain more predictable results
    by converting to the newer mesh object type.

    Methods for Creating Mesh

    You can create mesh objects using the following methods:

    • Create mesh primitives. Create standard shapes, such as boxes, cones, cylinders, pyramids, spheres, wedges,
      and tori (MESH).
    • Create mesh from other objects. Create ruled, tabulated, revolved, or edge-defined mesh objects, whose boundaries
      are interpolated from other objects or points (RULESURF, TABSURF, REVSURF, EDGESURF).

    • Convert from other object types. Convert existing solid or surface models, including composite models, to mesh objects
      (MESHSMOOTH).
    • Create custom meshes (legacy). Use 3DMESH to create polygon meshes, usually scripted with AutoLISP routines, to
      create open-ended mesh. Use PFACE to create mesh with multiple vertices defined by
      coordinates that you specify. Although you can continue to create legacy polygonal
      and polyface meshes, it is recommended that you convert to the enhanced mesh object
      type to obtain enhanced editing capabilities.

    About Tessellation

    Tessellation is a collection of planar shapes that tile a mesh object. The tessellation
    divisions, visible in unselected mesh objects, mark the edges of the editable mesh
    faces. (To see these divisions in the Hidden or Conceptual visual styles, VSEDGES
    must be set to 1.)

    When you smooth and refine mesh objects, you increase the density of the tessellation
    (the number of subdivisions).

    • Smoothing. Increases how closely the mesh surface adheres to a rounded form. You can increase
      mesh smoothness levels for selected objects in increments or by changing the smoothness
      level in the Properties window. Smoothness level 0 (zero) applies the lowest level
      of smoothing to a mesh object. Smoothness level 4 applies a high degree of smoothness.

    • Refinement. Quadruples the number of subdivisions in a selected mesh object or in a selected
      subobject, such as a face. Refinement also resets the current smoothness level to
      0, so that the object can no longer be sharpened beyond that level. Because refinement
      greatly increases the density of a mesh, you might want to restrict this option to
      areas that require finely detailed modification. Refinement also helps you mold smaller
      sections with less effect on the overall shape of the model.

    While highly refined mesh gives you the ability to make detailed modifications, it
    can decrease program performance. By maintaining maximum smoothness, face, and grid
    levels, you can help ensure that you do not create meshes that are too dense to modify
    effectively (use SMOOTHMESHMAXLEV and SMOOTHMESHGRID).

    Set Mesh Properties Before and After Creation

    You can set defaults that control a variety of mesh properties before and after you
    create the mesh objects.

    • Mesh Primitive Options dialog box. Sets the density of the tessellation (the number of subdivisions) per dimension for
      each type of mesh object you create.
    • Mesh Tessellation Options dialog box. Sets the default settings for 3D solid or surface objects that you convert to mesh.
      Options define how closely mesh faces adhere to the shape of the object and level
      of smoothness. You can also set the default to prefer the settings in the Mesh Primitive
      Options dialog box for object conversions.
    • Properties window. Modifies properties for both the mesh object and its subobjects after they are created.
      For a selected mesh object, you can modify the level of smoothness. For faces and
      edges, you can apply or remove creasing and modify crease retention levels.
    • Level of smoothness. By default, the mesh primitive objects that you create have no smoothness. You can
      change this default with the Settings option of the MESH command. The modified smoothness
      value is maintained only during the current drawing session.

    Learning AutoCad

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